Juni 29, 2021
In this last section of John chapter 14, Jesus is still talking to His disciples after Judas Iscariot has left dinner. After telling His disciples that the words He spoke to them were not His own but came from His Father who sent Him, Jesus continued:
I spoke these things to you while I was still with you. 1
His time with His disciples was soon coming to an end, and He spoke to them while He was still able to do so. His final teaching to His disciples continues in the next three chapters of this gospel. 2
But the assistance, the Holy Spirit, which the Father will send in my name, will teach you everything and remind you of everything I have said to you. 3
Then Jesus began to speak to His disciples about the Holy Spirit that His Father would send to them. The Greek word paraklētos is translated here as an aid, and in other Bible translations as a comforter, counselor, helper, supporter or advocate.
Earlier in this chapter the Assist was called the Spirit of Truth , 4 but now it is called the Holy Spirit . Jesus indicates that the Holy Spirit is sent by the Father in the name of the Son, showing that the Spirit is closely related to both the Father and the Son. The sending of the Spirit comes from both the Father and the Son. Like Jesus, the Holy Spirit is "sent" by the Father ; however, the Spirit is sent in Jesus 'name, that is, in response to Jesus' intercession.
I will ask the Father and he will give you another assistance that will be with you forever, namely the Spirit of Truth. 5
The Spirit would be the guide and teacher of the church, reminding the disciples of the things Jesus had taught them. While the disciples did not always understand the meaning of what Jesus taught, and they likely forgot some of what He had said during the time He was with them, Jesus told them that the Holy Spirit was all that He had said to them, would bring back into their memory and emphasize.
I leave peace with you; I give you my peace. Not as the world gives, so I give to you. Do not frighten your heart or be afraid. 6th
The peace that Jesus gives comes from the presence of the Holy Spirit in the believers of whom He spoke. When Jesus speaks of peace here, He is talking about a special gift He is giving His disciples.
In the Hebrew language, “peace” is often used as a greeting when someone arrives or as a way of saying goodbye. 7 Here, however, Jesus does not use the word in this way. After saying that He gives peace, He indicates that the peace He gives is different from the peace the world gives. The peace He gives does not depend on external circumstances; it is an inner peace. Since He gives such peace of mind, He can tell them not to be troubled or to be afraid in their hearts.
“You heard that I said to you, 'I am going away and I will come to you.' If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, for I am going to the Father; for the father is greater than me. " 8
Earlier in this chapter (verse 3) Jesus said that He would go and then come again. Here the focus is on His departure. If they really loved Him, they would be happy to see Him return to the Father.
That Jesus is returning to His Father is a joyful thing; but for the disciples the thought of it likely brought grief as it would mean that Jesus would no longer be with them. Jesus' statement that the Father is greater than me can cause some confusion, since the understanding of the Trinity is that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all equally God. In this case, however, when He said that the Father is greater than me , Jesus was not referring to His essential being, but to His incarnated state as a human being at that time, which included a certain submission.
But I told you before it happened so that you would believe when it happens . 9
What Jesus had told them would have a greater impact on the disciples in the future when these things happened. They would remember what He had foretold and it would strengthen their faith. They would grow in their trust and belief in Him when they see His words come true.
I won't talk to you much anymore because the ruler of this world is coming. He has no claim to me, but I do what the Father has commanded me so that the world will know that I love the Father. Get up, let's get out of here . 10
Jesus said He wouldn't talk to His disciples much anymore because Satan was coming. Judas and the soldiers were on their way to arrest Jesus, and in them Jesus saw the coming of the evil one. However, Satan has no claim to or influence over Jesus because His influence over people is based on their sins, and Jesus was sinless.
He indicated that He was doing exactly what the Father told Him to do. That was true for His whole life, but in this context the focus is probably on the cross and the imminent death of Jesus. He was about to lay down His life in obedience to His Father's command, and in doing so He would show the world that He loved the Father.
Then He directed His disciples to get up and go. Some commentators feel that this is out of place, as Jesus is still speaking to and teaching His disciples for the next three chapters, suggesting that they likely stayed in the room during this time. Other commentators suggest that while Jesus walked with the disciples toward the Garden of Gethsemane, he continued to teach them. We can't really know, and it doesn't really matter. The gospel writer most likely had a reason to put things in the order in which he did them, and for doing so we are blessed with a beautiful account of Jesus' final teaching before His death on the cross.
All scriptures have been freely translated from English into German, unless they are marked with the abbreviations of the version of the German translation used.
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1 John 14:25.
2 John 15:16, 17.
3. John 14:26.
4. John 14.17.
5. John 14: 16-17.
6. John 14:27.
7. John 20:19, 21, 26.
8. John 14:28.
9. John 14:29.
10. John 14: 30-31.
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